entrance to bhaja caves with carvings on the rocks

Lonavala, Maharashtra, India

Bhaja Caves

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Rich Heritage

Bhaja Caves, located near the village of Bhaja in the Pune district of Maharashtra, are a group of ancient rock-cut caves that hold great historical and archaeological significance. These caves are a testament to India's rich heritage of rock-cut architecture and are believed to have been carved out during the 2nd century BCE.

Bhaja Caves consist of 18 rock-cut caves that showcase the skill and artistry of ancient craftsmen. These caves are primarily Buddhist monastic complexes, and their architecture is characterized by intricately carved chaitya halls (prayer halls) and viharas (monastic dwellings). The caves also feature exquisite sculptures, carvings, and inscriptions, providing valuable insights into the history and culture of the period.

entrance to bhaja caves in maharashtra

The caves serve as meditation centers and places of worship, with some caves containing beautiful stupas and intricate carvings of Buddhist deities and symbols. The main cave, Cave 12, is especially noteworthy for its magnificent chaitya hall with a grand horseshoe-shaped arch and a stunning stupa.

Bhaja Caves offer a unique opportunity to step back in time and explore the remarkable rock-cut architecture of ancient India. The tranquil surroundings, historical significance, and architectural marvels make it a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts, archaeology buffs, and those seeking a peaceful escape in nature.

Breathtaking Views

Bhaja Caves are surrounded by lush greenery and offer breathtaking views of the Sahyadri Mountains. The serene and picturesque location adds to the overall charm of the site, making it an ideal place for meditation, exploration, and photography.

entrance to bhaja caves with carvings on the rocks

The best time to visit Bhaja Caves is during the cooler months, from October to March. During this period, the weather is pleasant, and the caves are more accessible for exploration and photography. Monsoon season, from June to September, can make the terrain slippery and challenging to navigate.

Getting There

location_cityState & Capital - Pune, Maharashtra

flightPune Airport - 60 Kilometers

directions_carPune - 60 Kilometers via NH 48 and Mumbai - Pune Hwy

trainLonavala Railway Station - 15 Kilometers

a bhuddhist stupa within the bhaja caves

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